Fusarium wilt (FW) and papaya ring-spot virus-watermelon strain (PRSV-W) are important diseases of watermelon, causing serious damage to the crop. Multiple disease screens of the USDA watermelon germplasm collection have highlighted the value of wild type watermelons as a source for enhancing resistance to diseases in modern watermelon cultivars. The CucCAP team at the USDA, […]
The occurrence of powdery mildew of watermelon has significantly increased in recent years. While the majority of the watermelon varieties evaluated in South Carolina were susceptible to powdery mildew, the seedless variety Suprema and seeded variety Declaration were relatively less susceptible and the commercial pollenizers Lion, SP5 and SP6 were resistant across three years of testing. Because of the frequent […]
Watermelon has been domesticated for more than 4000 years and modern sweet watermelons have been selected to carry large fruits with crisp, non-bitter and sweet flesh. The CucCAP team has co-led an international effort to generate an improved watermelon ‘97103’ reference genome and resequence 414 accessions from the seven extant Citrullus species.
Bacterial fruit blotch (BFB) of cucurbits caused by Acidovorax citrulli has the potential to devastate production of watermelon and other cucurbits. Despite decades of research, no watermelon germplasm has been found with immunity, and only a few sources with various levels of resistance have been identified.
65 years after its debut, the “Charleston Gray” watermelon is back in the spotlight. In a long-term study, a research team led by ARS geneticist Amnon Levi at the U.S. Vegetable Laboratory collaborated with scientists at the Boyce Thompson Institute to unlock the genome of “Charleston Gray.” Read the article from USDA
A new watermelon line, developed by Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Clemson University scientists, is serving as a solution against major disease and pests of watermelon crops in the southern U.S., says the USDA. The innovative variety is a rootstock watermelon called Carolina Strongback. It is resistant to both Fusarium wilt and the southern root-knot […]
Years of selection for desirable fruit quality traits in dessert watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) has resulted in a narrow genetic base in modern cultivars. Development of novel genomic and genetic resources offers great potential to expand genetic diversity and improve important traits in watermelon. The CucCAP team has developed a high‐quality genome sequence for the principal […]
Cucumber green mottle mosaic virus (CGMMV) is an emerging virus in the U.S. that has caused serious disease outbreaks to watermelon and several other cucurbit crops around the world. Although CGMMV is seed-borne, the mechanism of its transmission from seed to seedling was not fully understood. With increasing activities of off-shore hybrid seed production and […]